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Cone CrusherCone Crusher

Cone Crusher

Applied Material: Limestone, granite, cobble, calcite, pebble, cement clinker,dolomite, bluestone, construction waste, dry mortar and various stones, etc.
  • Feed Size:35-560mm
  • Capacity:27-2181TPH

What is Cone Crusher?

A cone crusher is a machine primarily used in the mining and construction aggregates production industry for secondary and tertiary crushing. It is designed to crush materials with a compressive strength below 350 MPa, such as calcite, limestone, pebble, and clinker. Cone crushers are commonly used in industries such as artificial sand making, concrete sand making, and building materials. They are known for their high crushing ratio, efficiency, low energy consumption, and ability to produce uniform-sized crushed materials.

Cone Crusher Site.jpg

Engineers at Customer Site

When selecting a cone crusher for a stone crushing plant, there are several factors to consider:

Working mode: Determine whether a mobile cone crusher or a fixed cone crusher is more suitable for your specific needs. Mobile cone crushers provide flexibility and can be easily moved between different worksites, while fixed cone crushers offer stability and often have higher processing capacity.

Material discharging size: Consider the desired final product size and select a cone crusher with the appropriate crushing cavity. Different crushing cavities, such as standard, medium, and short, are designed for coarse, intermediate, and fine crushing, respectively.

Cone crusher types: Zoneding Machine offers various types of cone crushers for sale. These include single-cylinder hydraulic cone crusher, multi-cylinder hydraulic cone crusher, compound cone crusher/Symons cone crusher, and spring cone crusher. Each type has its own advantages and is suitable for different applications.

Production capacity: Determine the required production capacity for your stone crushing plant. This will help you choose a cone crusher that can handle the expected volume of materials.

The ZDM cone crusher, including its various types such as single-cylinder hydraulic cone crusher, multi-cylinder hydraulic cone crusher, compound cone crusher/Symons cone crusher, and spring cone crusher, has a wide range of applications in various industries:

Mining industry: Cone crushers are commonly used in the mining industry for crushing materials such as iron ore, copper ore, gold ore, and other minerals. They are used in the primary, secondary, and tertiary stages of crushing.

Metallurgy: Cone crushers are used in metallurgical processes for crushing and processing various materials, including copper, lead, zinc, and other metal ores. They help in the extraction and refining of metals.

Building materials: Cone crushers are used in the production of building materials such as aggregates, sand, and gravel. They are used to crush and shape raw materials for concrete, asphalt, and other construction purposes.

Road construction: Cone crushers play a vital role in road construction projects. They are used to crush and process materials for road base, sub-base, and surface layers. Cone crushers help in achieving the required particle size and shape for road construction materials.

Silicate making industry: Cone crushers are used in the silicate making industry for crushing and grinding silica-based materials. They are commonly used in the production of glass, ceramic, and other silicate-based products.

The ZDM cone crusher, with its high crushing ratio and ability to produce even-sized products, is suitable for various materials with a compressive strength below 350 MPa. It can effectively crush materials such as iron ore, limestone, granite, basalt, sandstone, and more.

Overall, the ZDM cone crusher is a versatile machine that finds application in multiple industries for crushing and processing various materials.

Cone Crusher Application.jpg

Comparison of Materials Before Crushing and After Crushing

Cone crushers offer several structural advantages that contribute to their efficiency and performance:

Frame: The frame of the cone crusher provides support and stability to the crusher’s components. It is designed to withstand the high crushing forces and ensure proper alignment of the crushing chamber.

Crushing chamber: Cone crushers have different types of crushing chambers, such as standard, medium, and short head. These chambers are designed to accommodate various feed sizes and produce a uniform product size with high crushing efficiency.

Eccentric sleeve: The eccentric sleeve is located on the main shaft and provides the rotating motion of the cone crusher. It helps in generating the crushing force and allows for smooth operation of the crusher.

Crushing walls (fixed cone and movable cone): The fixed cone and movable cone are the main crushing components of the cone crusher. They are responsible for crushing the material by squeezing it between them. The design of the crushing walls ensures a uniform reduction in the size of the material and appropriate grain shape.

Dust proof sealing structure: Cone crushers are equipped with a unique dust-proof sealing structure, which helps to prevent dust and dirt from entering the crusher’s internal components. This extends the lubrication oil change period and the service life of the cone crusher parts.

High-strength construction: The key components of cone crushers, such as the crushing walls and main shaft, are made of special materials that can withstand the high crushing forces. This ensures durability and supports the efficient crushing operation.

Hydraulic cavity cleaning system: Cone crushers are equipped with a hydraulic cavity cleaning system, which allows for easy and convenient operation. It helps to remove any blockages or debris in the crushing chamber, reducing downtime and improving overall productivity.

Stable performance and low running cost: Cone crushers offer stable performance, reliable operation, and low running costs. They are designed to deliver high efficiency and reduce the need for frequent maintenance.

Overall, the structural advantages of cone crushers contribute to their effectiveness in crushing various materials with high efficiency, producing uniform product sizes, and ensuring long service life.

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Different Angles of Cone Crusher

Working Principle of Cone Crusher

The working principle of a cone crusher involves the cyclic movement of the cone axis, which is driven by a motor through a V-belt and a wheel. The eccentric bushing is rotated by the movement of two differently sized wheels, causing the cone axis to move in a cranking motion.

During operation, the materials are fed into the crushing chamber through the top of the crusher. The cone axis and the fixed cone create a space where the materials are crushed and impacted repeatedly as the movable cone moves closer and further away from the fixed cone.

The crushing process continues until the materials reach the desired size. The qualified products are discharged through the outlet of the crushing chamber, while the oversized materials are further crushed or removed.

The working principle of a cone crusher is based on compression crushing. As the materials are squeezed between the mantle and concave, the particles are crushed and reduced in size. The crushing action is efficient and produces a uniform product size.

Overall, the working principle of a cone crusher involves the movement of the cone axis, resulting in the compression and crushing of materials. This process allows for the production of high-quality and accurately sized end products.

Cone Crusher Process.gif

Cone Crusher Working Principle

Cone Crusher VS Impact Crusher

Both cone crushers and impact crushers can be used for secondary and tertiary crushing in a stone production plant when equipped with a jaw crusher. They are similar in this aspect and can provide efficient and high-quality crushing performance.

However, it is important to note that there are also significant differences between cone crushers and impact crushers:

Crushing principle: Cone crushers use compression crushing, where the material is squeezed between an eccentrically rotating mantle and a concave or bowl liner. Impact crushers, on the other hand, utilize impact crushing, where the material is impacted by the rotating hammers or blow bars and is shattered upon impact.

Applications: Cone crushers are generally used for medium-hard to hard and abrasive materials, while impact crushers are suitable for softer materials with lower abrasiveness. Cone crushers are often used for the production of high-quality end products, such as concrete aggregates, while impact crushers are commonly used for shaping applications, producing a more cubical-shaped end product.

Operating principle: Cone crushers are typically operated with a constant feed size and a consistent closed side setting. In contrast, impact crushers may have variable feed and discharge sizes, allowing for greater flexibility in the production process.

Maintenance: Cone crushers require regular maintenance and inspections to ensure proper operation and optimize performance. Impact crushers, on the other hand, have fewer moving parts and generally require less maintenance.

Size and capacity: Cone crushers are available in various sizes and have a higher capacity compared to impact crushers. Impact crushers, however, have a relatively smaller feed opening and are better suited for materials with lower production requirements.

Ultimately, the choice between a cone crusher and an impact crusher depends on the specific needs and requirements of the application. Factors such as the desired final product size, the abrasiveness of the materials, and the budget will influence the selection of the appropriate crushing equipment

>>Difference Between Cone Crusher and Impact Crusher:

Working Principle:

Impact Crusher: Materials are crushed by impaction between hammers and impacting plates repeatedly. The hammers and impacting plates strike the materials and break them into smaller pieces.
Cone Crusher: Materials are crushed by lamination. The rolling mortar wall moves towards the crushing wall and squeezes the materials between them to achieve the desired size.
Production Capacity:

Impact Crusher: Generally has a smaller production capacity compared to a cone crusher. It is often used in middle and small-sized building material or construction plants where shaping of the final product is important.
Cone Crusher: Typically has a larger production capacity and is more commonly used in large ore dressing plants where higher throughput is required.
Material Hardness:

Impact Crusher: Suitable for crushing materials with intermediate hardness like limestone. It is effective in breaking down materials that are not excessively hard.
Cone Crusher: Suitable for crushing materials with higher hardness, such as river pebble and granite. It is more efficient in crushing harder materials.
In summary, the main differences between cone crushers and impact crushers are their working principles, production capacity, and suitability for different material hardness levels. The selection between the two crushers depends on the specific requirements of the application and the hardness of the materials to be crushed.

Cone Crusher VS Impact Crusher.jpg

Cone Crusher VS Impact Crusher

Cone Crusher

Zoneding Machine is a reputable company with expertise in the production of crushing equipment, including cone crushers. They offer a range of cone crusher models that are known for their reliable performance and high efficiency. Additionally, Zoneding Machine is recognized for providing excellent after-sales service, ensuring customer satisfaction. Their competitive cone crusher prices have garnered international approval from customers. If you are interested in purchasing a cone crusher, Zoneding Machine is a reliable option to consider.

General Specification

of large 
end of 
Width of 
Φ600PYB6006006512-25408P   3052234×1370×1675
Φ900PYB90090011515-5050-908P   5511.22692×1640×2350
Φ1200PYB1200120014520-50110-1688P   11024.72790×1878×2844
Φ1750PYB1750175021525-50180-3608P   16050.33910×2894×3809
Φ2200PYB2200220030030-60420-7008P   280-260804622×3302×4470

Please note that the information provided about Zoneding Machine and their cone crushers is subject to change as technology improves. Zoneding Machine reserves the right to modify their products without prior notice. The performance of the machines may also vary depending on the specific application. For more detailed and up-to-date information, it is recommended to chat online with Zoneding engineers. They will be able to provide you with the most accurate and relevant details regarding their cone crushers and any specific inquiries you may have.

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